Substance Abuse & Mental Health

Risk/Protection Relationship with Substance Abuse

Graph Explanation for the Community and School Domains

  • Categories are broken up into high, medium, and low risk. Each bar color represents the category of risk or protection (ie. low risk is blue). Theoretically, youth in the higher risk categories should have higher drug use rates than youth in lower risk categories. The use rates for youth with low protection should also be higher. This appears to be the case for most risk and protective factors.
  • The height of the bars indicates what the prevalence rate for the particular drug is (ie. 25% of the students who are at low risk (blue bar) use alcohol).
  • The N's in the legend next to the categories of risk represent the total number of students in that category of risk, regardless of whether they use the substance or not (ie. if 25% of the low risk category use alcohol and the N is 1000, then 250 students use alcohol in that category).
  • Graphs are provided for middle and high school levels due to the different patterns often observed between them.

Graph Explanation for the Individual-Peer Domain

  • The height of the bars represent the mean score for that risk or protective factor. For risk factors, taller bars represent higher risk. For protective factors, taller bars also represent higher protection, which should theoretically correlate with less substance use.
  • The bars are color-coded to indicate whether there is "use" or "no use" of the particular drug. Theoretically, the "no use" categories would have shorter bars for risk factors and higher bars for protective factors, while the "use" categories would have taller bars for risk and smaller bars for protection.
  • These graphs are also provided for middle and high school levels.